The steering system is a critical component of any vehicle, allowing drivers to control the direction of the vehicle and navigate safely on the road. The steering system includes a variety of components, such as the steering wheel, steering column, steering gear, and tie rods, that work together to convert the driver's input into the movement of the wheels. The most common type of steering system in use today is the rack and pinion steering system. This system uses a gear (the "pinion") connected to the steering column to turn a horizontal bar with teeth (the "rack") that is connected to the front wheels. As the driver turns the steering wheel, the pinion rotates and moves the rack, causing the wheels to turn in the desired direction.