Driveline and Axles
The driveline and axles of a car are responsible for transferring power from the engine to the wheels, allowing the car to move forward. The driveline typically consists of several components, including the transmission, driveshaft, differential, and axles. The transmission is responsible for shifting gears and transferring power from the engine to the driveshaft. The driveshaft connects the transmission to the differential, which is responsible for distributing power to the wheels. The differential is an essential component that allows the wheels to rotate at different speeds while still receiving power from the engine. This is necessary because during turns, the inside wheel needs to rotate slower than the outside wheel to maintain traction and prevent skidding. The axles are another essential component of the driveline. They are responsible for transmitting power from the differential to the wheels, allowing them to rotate and move the vehicle forward. There are two types of axles: front and rear. In a front-wheel-drive car, the front axles are responsible for transmitting power to the front wheels.