The brakes of a car are one of the most important systems for ensuring safe and effective operation. The main function of the brake system is to slow down or stop the car when needed, preventing accidents and allowing the driver to maintain control of the vehicle. The brake system consists of several components, including the brake pedal, brake lines, brake calipers, brake pads, and rotors. When the driver presses the brake pedal, hydraulic pressure is generated, which is transmitted through the brake lines to the brake calipers. The brake calipers then squeeze the brake pads against the rotor, creating friction that slows down or stops the car. There are two main types of brakes used in cars: disc brakes and drum brakes. Disc brakes are more common and consist of a rotor and caliper, while drum brakes use brake shoes and drums to slow down the car.